Manchester is built on cotton. Our Textiles Gallery tells the story of the people, products and pioneers that made it and their continuing legacy in our city and our world today.
Dubbed 'Cottonopolis', Manchester was once the international centre of the world’s cotton industry. The city imported up to a billion tonnes of raw cotton a year, towns like Bolton and Preston became manufacturing centres and Oldham’s Platt Brothers & Co. Ltd. built textile machines for mills across the world. The North West’s landscape and culture are still shaped by its textile heritage today.
Our Textiles Gallery paints a vivid picture of how cotton transformed Manchester into an urban metropolis. See everything from world-changing innovations like an original Richard Arkwright Water Frame—one of the machines that kick started the Industrial Revolution—to surprising, everyday objects like a pair of child-sized clogs from Charter Street Ragged School, a local charity that helped some of Manchester’s poorest inhabitants.
Follow the textiles story through innovations in design, printing and finishing, adventure through life in industrial Manchester and find out how the city’s cotton spread around the globe.
Meet the machines, people and stories that made Manchester the first industrial city and find out how ‘Cottonopolis’ changed the world we all live in today.
Share your stories with us in the Conversation Space, where we'll be talking about work. Whether furloughed or working flat-out, home-working, home-schooling or both, we've all had to navigate new working habits and routines this year. View objects from the past and (very recent) present that have shaped our working lives during the coronavirus pandemic. Learn about our project to collect objects and experiences that represent the COVID-19 outbreak and discuss your own experiences of lockdown.
Look out for our expert Explainers while you explore this gallery. See them in action as they refresh their skills and take care of our historic working machinery (Wednesday–Friday only). Talk to them about the cotton industry and discuss the stories of those whose lives it impacted, both for better and worse.
If you're visiting with children, pick up a free activity trail and guide yourself through the gallery. With fun games and challenges, the activity trail will help you explore the objects in a fun and different way.
We’re currently unable to provide pencils, so please bring your own with you.
For safety reasons, we have temporarily removed the audio interactives from the Textiles Gallery. However, you can still listen to the recordings and read the transcripts below.
Textiles Gallery on the blog
Tiny clogs and child poverty in the Industrial Revolution
One of the most poignant objects to be added in to the Textiles Gallery is a tiny pair of leather children’s clogs dating from around 1870.